Past Cities

Bila Tserkva, Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Loading map...

Bila Tserkva is a city located in the Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine. It is situated on the Ros River and is the administrative center of the Bila Tserkva Raion. The city's name, Bila Tserkva, translates to "White Church" in English. The name comes from the white limestone used to construct the church in the city's center, which was built in the 17th century.

Bila Tserkva has a long and rich history that dates back to the 10th century. The first written record of the city was in 1032 when it was mentioned in the Kyivan Rus chronicles. The city was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 14th century until the late 18th century when it was annexed by the Russian Empire.

During the 19th century, Bila Tserkva grew rapidly and became an important center of industry, trade, and agriculture. The city was home to several factories, including a sugar refinery and a cotton mill. The city's location on the Ros River made it an important transportation hub, and it was connected to other major cities in the region by road and rail.

In the early 20th century, Bila Tserkva played an important role in the Ukrainian independence movement. The city was a center of cultural and political activity, and several prominent Ukrainian writers and intellectuals lived and worked there. During World War II, Bila Tserkva was occupied by German forces, and many of the city's Jewish residents were killed or deported to concentration camps.

After the war, Bila Tserkva was rebuilt and became an important industrial center in the Soviet Union. The city's factories produced a wide range of goods, including textiles, machinery, and food products. Despite the city's industrial growth, Bila Tserkva remained an important center of Ukrainian culture and literature, and many Ukrainian writers and artists lived and worked there.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Bila Tserkva became part of an independent Ukraine. The city has continued to grow and develop in the years since independence, and today it is a thriving center of industry, agriculture, and culture. The city's population is approximately 215,000 people, and it is home to several universities, museums, and cultural institutions.

Bila Tserkva has a long and fascinating history that reflects the complex political and cultural forces that have shaped Ukraine over the centuries. From its early origins as a small town on the Ros River to its role as a center of industry, culture, and independence, Bila Tserkva has played an important role in the history of Ukraine and the wider region. Today, the city continues to thrive and grow, and it remains an important center of Ukrainian culture and industry.