Past Cities

Bidhan Nagar, West Bengal, India

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Bidhan Nagar, also known as Salt Lake City, is a planned satellite city located in the North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. It is situated about 12 km from the city center of Kolkata and is spread across an area of around 22 sq. km. The city is home to several important institutions such as the Indian Institute of Technology, Calcutta and the West Bengal University of Technology.

The history of Bidhan Nagar dates back to the early 1950s when the government of West Bengal decided to create a new township to accommodate the growing population of Kolkata. The city was planned by the renowned American architect, Joseph Allen Stein, and was developed on a gridiron pattern, with wide roads and open spaces. The city was named after Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the second Chief Minister of West Bengal, who played a significant role in the development of the city.

Initially, the population of Bidhan Nagar was very low, with only a few thousand people living in the area. However, with the growth of Kolkata and the expansion of its suburbs, the population of Bidhan Nagar began to increase rapidly. Today, the city has a population of around 2.5 lakh people, making it one of the largest planned cities in India.

The development of Bidhan Nagar was greatly influenced by the political environment of the time. The city was developed during a period of great political turmoil in West Bengal, with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) coming to power in the state in 1977. The CPI(M) government had a strong focus on development and infrastructure, which led to the rapid expansion of Bidhan Nagar.

The geography of Bidhan Nagar also played an important role in its development. The city is located on the eastern fringes of Kolkata and is surrounded by wetlands and water bodies. The government of West Bengal recognized the importance of preserving the wetlands and, in 1992, the East Kolkata Wetlands were declared a Ramsar site, a wetland of international importance. The wetlands provide a natural buffer against flooding and also support a thriving fishery industry, which is an important source of livelihood for many people in the area.

Over the years, Bidhan Nagar has emerged as an important economic hub in the region. The city is home to several IT companies and has a thriving service sector. The presence of several educational institutions in the area has also helped to attract a large number of students and researchers to the city.

Bidhan Nagar is a planned satellite city located in the North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. The city was developed in the 1950s to accommodate the growing population of Kolkata and has since emerged as an important economic and educational hub in the region. The city's development was greatly influenced by the political environment of the time, as well as its unique geography, which includes the East Kolkata Wetlands. Today, Bidhan Nagar is home to around 2.5 lakh people and continues to grow and evolve as an important center of commerce and education in West Bengal.