Bid, also known as Beed, is a city located in the state of Maharashtra, India. Nestled in the Marathwada region, Bid has a rich history that dates back centuries. The city is situated at a latitude of 18.9900° N and a longitude of 75.7500° E, with an average elevation of 653 meters above sea level.
Bid is home to a diverse population that has evolved over time. As of the latest available data in 2021, the city had an estimated population of approximately 277,000 inhabitants. However, it is important to note that population figures may have changed since then due to natural growth and migration patterns.
The history of Bid can be traced back to ancient times, with evidence of human settlements in the region dating back to the Stone Age. The area was inhabited by various indigenous tribes, such as the Mharastris and Mahars, who were later influenced by Aryan migrations. The region was also a part of the Maurya and Satavahana Empires, which left their imprint on the local culture and traditions.
During the medieval period, Bid came under the influence of various dynasties and kingdoms. The city witnessed the rise and fall of several regional powers, including the Yadavas, Bahmanis, and Nizams of Hyderabad. The political environment of the time greatly impacted the city and its people. Bid was often a battleground for conflicts between these regional powers, leading to changes in governance and administration.
The 17th century marked a significant turning point in the history of Bid when it came under the control of the Mughal Empire. The city flourished under Mughal rule, with the construction of forts, palaces, and other architectural marvels. However, the decline of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century gave rise to the Maratha Empire, which encompassed Bid and other parts of Maharashtra.
The Maratha Empire played a crucial role in shaping the destiny of Bid. The city became an important center for trade, commerce, and agriculture. The fertile lands surrounding Bid were ideal for farming, and the city thrived as an agricultural hub. The Marathas implemented various reforms to boost agriculture and introduced irrigation systems, contributing to the prosperity of the region.
In the 19th century, Bid fell under British colonial rule as part of the Bombay Presidency. The British implemented several administrative changes that impacted the city. Bid became a significant center for British trade and commerce, and the city's infrastructure improved with the construction of railways, roads, and public buildings.
The struggle for independence from British rule in the 20th century also had its impact on Bid. The city actively participated in the freedom movement, with people joining protests, rallies, and non-violent movements to secure India's independence. Many prominent leaders from Bid played vital roles in the fight for freedom.
Post-independence, Bid became a part of the newly formed state of Maharashtra in 1960. The city continued to evolve and develop, experiencing advancements in various sectors such as education, healthcare, and industry. The political landscape of Maharashtra, with its changing governments and policies, has influenced the growth and development of Bid.
The geography of Bid has also played a significant role in shaping the city's history. The region is predominantly semi-arid, with hot summers and cool winters. The lack of adequate rainfall and water resources has posed challenges for agriculture in the region. However, the city has adapted by implementing irrigation projects and adopting drought-resistant farming techniques.