Past Cities

Beawar, Rajasthan, India

Beawar, located in the Ajmer district of Rajasthan, India, is a historically significant city that has witnessed the ebb and flow of time, leaving an indelible mark on its landscape and its people. Situated at an altitude of 513 meters above sea level, Beawar is nestled amidst the picturesque Aravalli Range, which adds to its scenic beauty and provides a natural barrier that has influenced its history and development.

The origins of Beawar can be traced back to the ancient period, with references to its existence found in various historical texts. The city's name is believed to have derived from the Sanskrit word "Vedaranya," meaning the "forest of the Vedas," alluding to its association with spiritual and educational pursuits. Throughout its long history, Beawar has been influenced by different political powers and has evolved into a vibrant center of trade, culture, and religious practices.

The early history of Beawar is shrouded in the mists of time, but archaeological excavations in the region have revealed traces of human settlements dating back to the prehistoric era. The region has witnessed the rise and fall of numerous empires and dynasties, with each leaving its own mark on the city. It was during the medieval period that Beawar gained prominence as a significant trading center along the ancient trade routes that connected Gujarat and Malwa with Rajasthan and Delhi.

During the 15th century, Beawar fell under the control of the Mewar Kingdom, which was known for its valiant rulers and rich cultural heritage. Rana Kumbha, a renowned ruler of Mewar, played a crucial role in shaping the destiny of Beawar. He fortified the city with strong defensive walls and constructed several magnificent temples, including the famous Shri Mahavir Jain Temple, which stands as a testament to the city's religious and architectural grandeur.

The political environment of Beawar took a significant turn during the reign of the Mughal Empire in the 16th century. The Mughals, with their superior military might, aimed to establish their authority over the entire Indian subcontinent, and Beawar became a strategic location due to its geographical position. The Mughals, under Emperor Akbar, sought to bring Beawar under their control, but faced fierce resistance from the local Rajput clans.

The Rajput resistance to Mughal rule led to several battles and skirmishes in and around Beawar. The most notable of these conflicts was the Battle of Haldighati in 1576, where the forces of the Rajput ruler Maharana Pratap fought against the Mughal army led by Akbar's general, Man Singh. Although Maharana Pratap lost the battle, his bravery and determination inspired generations of Rajputs, and the legacy of this struggle is still cherished in the folklore and traditions of Beawar.

With the decline of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century, Beawar came under the control of the Marathas, who sought to expand their influence in Rajasthan. The Marathas established a regional administration in Beawar, which brought relative stability and economic prosperity to the city. However, their rule was short-lived, as the British East India Company emerged as the dominant power in India during the 19th century.

Under British rule, Beawar became part of the Ajmer-Merwara region, which was administered by the British Raj. The city witnessed significant developments during this period, with the establishment of educational institutions, hospitals, and modern infrastructure. The arrival of the railway in the late 19th century further facilitated trade and communication, leading to an increase in the city's population and economic activities.