Past Cities

Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Bahraich is a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on the banks of the Ghaghara river and has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The city has been a melting pot of various cultures, religions, and ethnicities, and has witnessed several historical events that have shaped its present-day identity.

Bahraich was historically known as 'Bharukachha' and was a part of the Panchala Kingdom. It is believed that the city was founded by King Brihadratha, who was the last king of the Panchala dynasty. According to the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata, Bharukachha was the site where the Kuru prince Abhimanyu was killed during the Kurukshetra war. The city was later ruled by the Mauryan and Gupta empires, and during the medieval period, it was ruled by the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire.

During the 18th century, Bahraich came under the rule of the Nawabs of Awadh, who made significant contributions to the development of the city. The city was strategically located on the trade route between the Gangetic plains and the Himalayan foothills, and was known for its handicrafts and textiles. The Nawabs of Awadh established several markets and bazaars in Bahraich, which became important trading centers for silk, cotton, and spices.

In the 19th century, Bahraich became a part of the British Indian Empire and was administered as a district under the United Provinces. The city played an important role in the Indian independence movement, with several freedom fighters hailing from the region. The city also witnessed several communal riots during the Partition of India in 1947, which led to the displacement of several families.

Today, Bahraich is a thriving city with a population of over 3.5 lakh people. It is home to a diverse population, with Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs living in harmony. The city is known for its rich cultural heritage and is home to several historical monuments, including the Shiv Temple, the Chittaura Jheel, and the Kheri Darwaza.

The political environment of Bahraich has played a significant role in shaping its history. The city has been ruled by various dynasties and empires, each of which has left its mark on the city's culture and architecture. The Nawabs of Awadh, in particular, made significant contributions to the development of the city, and their legacy can still be seen in the city's markets and bazaars.

Geographically, Bahraich is located on the banks of the Ghaghara river and is surrounded by dense forests and fertile farmland. The city's strategic location made it an important center for trade and commerce, and its proximity to the Himalayan foothills made it a popular destination for pilgrims.

Bahraich is a city with a rich history and a vibrant culture. Its diverse population, strategic location, and political environment have all played a significant role in shaping its present-day identity. Today, the city is a thriving center for trade and commerce, and its cultural heritage continues to attract tourists and visitors from all over the world.