Past Cities

Az-Zaqaziq, Sharqia, Egypt

Az-Zaqaziq, located in the Sharqia Governorate of Egypt, is a city with a rich historical tapestry that has been shaped by its political environment, geography, and the remarkable resilience of its people.

Az-Zaqaziq finds itself nestled in the Nile Delta region of Egypt, approximately 80 kilometers northeast of Cairo. This strategic location places the city at the crossroads of major trade routes, contributing to its importance throughout history. Surrounded by fertile lands, the city benefits from the agricultural abundance of the region, cultivating crops such as cotton, citrus fruits, and various grains.

Az-Zaqaziq has witnessed remarkable growth in its population over the centuries. From its humble beginnings as a small settlement, it has grown to become a bustling city. As of the latest available data (2021), the estimated population stands at approximately 1.4 million inhabitants. This growth can be attributed to factors such as urbanization, economic opportunities, and internal migration within Egypt.

The region encompassing Az-Zaqaziq has a long history that dates back to ancient times. During the Pharaonic era, this area played a crucial role in Egypt's civilization, with evidence of settlement and agricultural activities. Archaeological discoveries have unearthed artifacts that shed light on the city's early inhabitants and their way of life, reflecting the significance of the region throughout antiquity.

During the Roman and Byzantine periods, Az-Zaqaziq gained prominence as a thriving trade center due to its strategic location. Its proximity to the Nile River and the Mediterranean Sea facilitated commerce, attracting merchants from various parts of the Roman Empire. The city flourished economically, fostering cultural exchange and leaving behind architectural remnants that stand as a testament to this period of history.

With the advent of Islam, Az-Zaqaziq underwent a transformation as it became part of the expanding Islamic Caliphate. The city, along with the broader region, experienced a transition from Byzantine influence to Arab-Islamic culture. Az-Zaqaziq became an important administrative center during the Mamluk and Ottoman periods, acting as a hub for governance and trade routes.

In the 19th century, during the era of Muhammad Ali Pasha, Az-Zaqaziq experienced significant infrastructural development. Modernization efforts included the construction of schools, hospitals, and transportation networks, contributing to the growth and transformation of the city. The political environment during this period was shaped by Egypt's struggle for independence and its subsequent transition into a constitutional monarchy.

Following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, Az-Zaqaziq became a vibrant urban center with expanding industrial, educational, and healthcare sectors. The city witnessed an influx of investment, fostering economic growth and improving the standard of living for its residents. Az-Zaqaziq continues to evolve as a vital hub, contributing to Egypt's socio-economic fabric.