Past Cities

Ar'ar, Northern Borders, Saudi Arabia

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Ar'ar is a city located in the Northern Borders region of Saudi Arabia. It is situated near the border between Saudi Arabia and Iraq, approximately 1,000 kilometers north of Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia. Ar'ar has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. It is known for its strategic location, as it has been a hub for trade and transportation between the Arabian Peninsula and Mesopotamia.

The city of Ar'ar has a population of approximately 190,000 people, according to the latest estimates. The majority of the population is composed of Saudi nationals, although there are also many expatriates from other parts of the world who live and work in the city. Ar'ar is a modern city with a thriving economy, and it is home to many businesses and government institutions.

The history of Ar'ar can be traced back to the pre-Islamic era. The city was known as Thaj, and it was a center for agriculture and trade. It was located along the trade route that connected Arabia to Mesopotamia, and it was an important stop for caravans that traveled between the two regions. In the early Islamic era, the city was renamed Ar'ar, and it continued to be an important center for trade and commerce.

During the Ottoman Empire's rule over the region, Ar'ar was part of the Ottoman province of Baghdad. The Ottomans built a fortress in the city to protect it from raiders, and the fortress still stands today as a historical landmark. The Ottomans also built a mosque in the city, which is now known as the Omar Ibn Al-Khattab Mosque.

In the early 20th century, Ar'ar became part of the newly established Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The city played an important role in the development of the Northern Borders region, and it was a center for government and military operations. In the 1970s, the city underwent significant development, with the construction of new roads, buildings, and infrastructure.

Throughout its history, the political environment and geography of Ar'ar have had a significant impact on the city and its people. The city's location on a major trade route made it a center for commerce, but it also made it vulnerable to attacks by raiders and invaders. The Ottomans built a fortress in the city to protect it, and the Saudi government has continued to invest in military infrastructure to ensure the city's security.

The harsh desert climate and limited water resources in the region have also had an impact on the city and its people. The people of Ar'ar have traditionally relied on agriculture and livestock for their livelihoods, and they have developed sophisticated systems for managing water resources in the arid environment. In recent years, the city has diversified its economy, with the development of industries such as oil and gas, construction, and logistics.

Ar'ar is a city with a rich history and a vibrant present. Its strategic location, strong economy, and cultural heritage make it an important center for commerce, government, and tourism in the Northern Borders region of Saudi Arabia. The city's people have overcome the challenges posed by the harsh desert environment and the political instability of the region, and they have built a thriving community that is a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of the human spirit.