Past Cities

Anju, South P'yongan, North Korea

Anju is a city located in South P'yongan province, North Korea. It has a population of around 240,000 people and is situated on the banks of the Taedong River. The city has a rich history, dating back to the prehistoric era when it was inhabited by ancient peoples who left behind burial mounds and other artifacts.

Throughout much of its history, Anju has been an important center of commerce and trade, thanks in part to its location on the Taedong River, which provided easy access to other parts of the region. During the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392), Anju was an important center of agriculture and manufacturing, producing silk and other textiles that were traded throughout the Korean Peninsula and beyond.

In the 15th century, Anju became part of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910) and continued to prosper as a center of trade and industry. However, the city was also affected by political turmoil and conflict during this period. In the late 16th century, Anju was the site of a major battle between the forces of the Joseon Dynasty and the invading Japanese army, which resulted in the destruction of much of the city and the death of thousands of people.

During the Japanese colonial period (1910-1945), Anju was part of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo and suffered under Japanese rule. The city was heavily militarized, and many Koreans were forced to work in Japanese factories and mines. Despite this, Anju continued to grow and develop, and after World War II, it became part of North Korea.

Since the Korean War (1950-1953), Anju has been an important center of industry and agriculture in North Korea. The city is home to several factories and industrial complexes, including a large fertilizer plant, as well as agricultural cooperatives that produce crops such as rice, maize, and potatoes. In recent years, Anju has also become a center of tourism, thanks to its historic sites and natural beauty.

Despite its economic and cultural importance, Anju has also faced challenges in recent years. The city has been hit hard by natural disasters such as floods and droughts, which have damaged crops and infrastructure. In addition, the ongoing political tensions between North Korea and the international community have had a significant impact on Anju and its people, leading to isolation and economic hardship.

Despite these challenges, Anju remains a vital part of North Korea's history and culture. Its rich heritage and diverse population are a testament to the resilience and strength of the Korean people, and its future remains full of potential and promise. As the world continues to change, Anju will undoubtedly play an important role in shaping the future of North Korea and the wider region.