Past Cities

Amravati, Maharashtra, India

Amravati, located in the state of Maharashtra, India, has a rich and fascinating history that spans centuries. The city, which is situated in the western part of the country, has witnessed numerous historical events and has been shaped by its political environment and geography.

The history of Amravati dates back to ancient times. The region was part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. The city was strategically positioned along major trade routes, which contributed to its growth and development as a commercial hub. The inhabitants of Amravati were predominantly engaged in trade and agriculture.

Over the centuries, Amravati came under the rule of various dynasties and empires. It was ruled by the Satavahanas, the Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, and the Yadavas successively. These rulers played a crucial role in shaping the political landscape of the city. They established administrative systems, constructed forts and palaces, and promoted cultural and artistic activities.

In the medieval period, the region came under the control of the Delhi Sultanate, followed by the Bahmani Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. During this time, Amravati witnessed the influence of Islamic architecture and culture. Mosques, tombs, and other Islamic structures were built, leaving a lasting impact on the city's architectural heritage.

In the 18th century, the Marathas emerged as a dominant power in the region. Amravati became part of the Maratha Empire under the Peshwas. The city flourished under Maratha rule, with the development of infrastructure, the promotion of agriculture, and the establishment of markets and trade centers. The population of Amravati grew steadily during this period, primarily due to immigration from nearby regions.

However, the 19th century brought significant changes to the political scenario of Amravati. The city came under British rule as a result of the Anglo-Maratha Wars. The British East India Company established its administration in the region, leading to the decline of the Maratha Empire. Amravati became a part of the Central Provinces and Berar, a British-administered territory.

Under British rule, Amravati witnessed the introduction of modern infrastructure, including roads, railways, and educational institutions. The city's economy diversified with the establishment of cotton mills and other industries. The population of Amravati continued to grow, and the city became an important center of trade and commerce.

The city's political landscape changed once again in the 20th century with the Indian independence movement. The people of Amravati actively participated in the struggle for freedom, staging protests, and demonstrations against British rule. The efforts of prominent leaders and activists, such as Nana Patil and Vamanrao Joshi, played a crucial role in mobilizing the masses.

Following India's independence in 1947, Amravati became part of the state of Bombay. In 1960, with the reorganization of states on linguistic lines, Maharashtra was formed, and Amravati became one of its prominent cities. The city experienced rapid growth and development in the post-independence period, with the establishment of industries, educational institutions, and modern infrastructure.