Past Cities

Amman, Jordan

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Amman, the capital of Jordan, is a city with a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The city's location at the crossroads of ancient trade routes has played a significant role in its development over the centuries. Today, Amman is a bustling modern metropolis that blends the old with the new.

Amman has a long and complicated history that reflects the political, social, and cultural forces that have shaped the region. The city's origins are ancient, dating back to the Bronze Age, when it was known as Rabbath Ammon. The city was situated on a hill overlooking the Amman valley, which made it an ideal location for defense.

Over the centuries, the city was occupied by a series of different powers, including the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans. It was during the Roman period that the city experienced significant growth and prosperity, with new roads, buildings, and public works being constructed. In the Byzantine period, the city became an important center for Christianity.

During the Islamic period, the city became known as Amman, and it played an important role in the Arab Umayyad Empire. It was during this period that the city's most famous landmark, the Amman Citadel, was built. The Citadel is a complex of ruins that includes the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and a mosque.

In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire took control of the region, and Amman became a minor provincial capital. It remained under Ottoman control until the end of World War I, when it was incorporated into the newly created state of Transjordan, which later became Jordan.

In the years following Jordan's independence, Amman experienced significant growth and development. The city's population grew rapidly, fueled by an influx of refugees from Palestine and other neighboring countries. Today, Amman is a modern, cosmopolitan city with a population of over four million people.

Throughout its history, Amman has been shaped by its geography and political environment. The city's location at the crossroads of ancient trade routes made it a center for commerce and culture, but also made it vulnerable to invasion and occupation. The city's hilltop location and defensive walls were a testament to the strategic importance of the site.

The political environment has also played a significant role in shaping Amman's history. The city has been occupied by a series of different powers, each leaving their mark on the city's architecture and culture. The city's modern development has been shaped by the political and economic forces of the 20th century, including the creation of the state of Jordan and the influx of refugees.

Amman's history is a fascinating reflection of the forces that have shaped the region over the centuries. From its ancient origins to its modern development, the city has been shaped by its geography, politics, and culture. Today, Amman is a vibrant and dynamic city that continues to evolve and adapt to the changing world around it.