Ambattur is a city located in the northern part of Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The city is situated about 15 kilometers away from the Chennai Central Railway Station and is surrounded by areas such as Avadi, Mogappair, and Padi. The city has a population of approximately 5 lakhs according to the 2011 Census.
The history of Ambattur can be traced back to the Pallava dynasty, which ruled the region from the 4th to the 9th century AD. The city was an important trade center during this time and was known for its textile industry. The region was also a major hub for the production of silk and cotton fabrics, which were exported to other parts of India and to countries in Southeast Asia.
During the medieval period, the region came under the rule of the Chola and Vijayanagara empires. The Vijayanagara empire was known for its patronage of the arts and literature, and many temples and cultural centers were built during this time. The city was also an important center for the manufacture of weapons and arms for the Vijayanagara army.
In the 17th century, the region came under the control of the British East India Company. The city saw a lot of development during this time, with many factories and industries being established. The region became known for its engineering and automobile industries, and many companies such as TI Cycles, Dunlop, and Motor Industries Company (MICO) set up their factories in Ambattur.
In the 20th century, Ambattur became a major center for the production of leather goods, textiles, and garments. Many small and medium-scale industries were set up during this time, which provided employment opportunities to the people of the city.
The political environment of Ambattur has been shaped by the Dravidian movement, which emerged in Tamil Nadu in the early 20th century. The movement sought to promote the rights of the Tamil people and to challenge the domination of the Brahmin caste in politics and society. The Dravidian movement played a significant role in the development of Ambattur, with many of its leaders supporting the growth of industries in the city.
The geography of Ambattur has also played an important role in its history. The city is situated on the banks of the Ambattur lake, which has been a source of water for the people of the city for many years. The lake has also been a popular destination for tourists, and many parks and recreational areas have been developed around it.
Ambattur has a rich history that is shaped by its geography and political environment. The city has played an important role in the development of Tamil Nadu's economy, particularly in the areas of engineering, textiles, and garments. Despite the challenges posed by rapid urbanization, Ambattur remains a vibrant and dynamic city that is home to a diverse and vibrant community of people.