Alcorcón is a city located in the southwestern part of the Community of Madrid, Spain. It has a population of approximately 180,000 inhabitants, making it the 13th largest municipality in the region. The city has a rich and diverse history, which has been influenced by its geographical location and the political environment of Spain.
The earliest known inhabitants of the Alcorcón region were the Celtic Carpetani tribe, who settled in the area in the 4th century BC. The Romans also left their mark on the city, as evidenced by the remains of a Roman road and aqueduct that can still be seen in the area today.
During the medieval period, Alcorcón was a small agricultural town, and it remained relatively insignificant until the 20th century. However, during the Spanish Civil War, the city played a key role in the defense of Madrid against General Francisco Franco's forces. The Battle of Brunete took place just outside the city in 1937, and the city was heavily bombed by Franco's air force during the conflict.
After the war, Alcorcón experienced a period of rapid growth, as people from rural areas migrated to the city in search of work. The city's proximity to Madrid and its favorable transport links made it an attractive location for businesses, and many factories and industries were established in the area.
In the 1960s and 70s, Alcorcón experienced another period of growth, as the Spanish government invested heavily in the development of infrastructure and housing. Many large apartment blocks were built during this time, and the population of the city increased significantly.
Today, Alcorcón is a vibrant and cosmopolitan city, with a diverse population and a thriving economy. It is home to several important institutions, including the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and the Hospital Universitario de Alcorcón.
The political environment of Spain has also had a significant impact on the history of Alcorcón. The city has traditionally been a stronghold of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), and the party has dominated local politics for many years. However, in recent years, the conservative Popular Party (PP) has made significant gains in the area, and there is now a more balanced political landscape.
Alcorcón is a city with a rich and diverse history, which has been shaped by its geographical location and the political environment of Spain. From its ancient Celtic and Roman roots to its pivotal role in the Spanish Civil War, the city has seen many changes over the centuries. Today, it is a thriving and modern city, with a bright future ahead.