Past Cities

Al-Fashir, North Darfur, Sudan

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Al-Fashir is a city located in the North Darfur state of Sudan. It is situated in the western part of Sudan and is the capital of the North Darfur state. The city is located at an elevation of 750 meters above sea level and has a population of approximately 312,770 inhabitants, according to the 2008 Sudanese census. The city is known for its rich history, which has been shaped by its political environment and geography.

The history of Al-Fashir can be traced back to the 17th century when it was founded by the Tunjur people. The Tunjur people were known for their skills in agriculture, trading, and crafts, and they quickly established Al-Fashir as a center for commerce and trade. The city's location made it an important stop for traders traveling between the Nile River and the Sahel region.

In the 18th century, Al-Fashir was ruled by the Sultanate of Darfur. The Sultanate was a powerful African kingdom that controlled the region between the Nile River and Chad. The Sultanate was known for its military might and its ability to resist attempts by foreign powers to colonize the region. The city of Al-Fashir became the capital of the Sultanate of Darfur and was an important center for the administration of the kingdom.

In the late 19th century, the Sultanate of Darfur was weakened by internal divisions and external pressures from European powers. In 1916, the British Empire invaded Sudan and conquered the region. The British established a colonial administration in Sudan and divided the country into North and South Sudan. Al-Fashir became part of North Sudan and continued to be an important center for administration and trade.

After Sudan gained independence from Britain in 1956, Al-Fashir became the capital of North Darfur state. The city continued to grow and develop as a center for trade and administration. However, in the 1980s, the city began to experience a series of droughts and famines, which led to a decline in agricultural production and increased poverty in the region.

In the 21st century, Al-Fashir has been affected by the conflict in Darfur. The conflict began in 2003 when rebels in the region began to fight against the Sudanese government. The conflict has resulted in the displacement of millions of people and has had a significant impact on the economy and social fabric of the region. Al-Fashir has been the site of several clashes between government forces and rebel groups, and the city has suffered from a decline in trade and economic activity as a result of the conflict.

The geography of Al-Fashir has played a significant role in its history. The city is located in a semi-arid region with a hot desert climate. The region is characterized by a lack of water resources and limited agricultural potential. However, the city's location at the crossroads of major trade routes has made it an important center for commerce and trade.

Al-Fashir has a rich history that has been shaped by its political environment and geography. The city has been an important center for trade and administration since its founding in the 17th century. However, it has also been affected by conflicts and environmental challenges in the 20th and 21st centuries. Despite these challenges, Al-Fashir remains an important center for the North Darfur region and a symbol of the resilience and strength of its people.