Past Cities

Ado Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria

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Ado Ekiti, located in the southwestern part of Nigeria, is a city with a vibrant history that has shaped its identity and cultural heritage. Situated in Ekiti State, Ado Ekiti serves as the capital and is the largest city in the state. Over the years, it has grown in population and significance, becoming a center of political, economic, and cultural activities.

Ado Ekiti, with its population steadily increasing, is home to diverse ethnic groups and communities. The city predominantly comprises the Ekiti people, a Yoruba sub-group renowned for their rich cultural traditions. Additionally, other ethnic groups like the Ijesa, Igbomina, and Okun Yoruba have also settled in Ado Ekiti, contributing to the city's multicultural fabric. As of the latest available data, the population of Ado Ekiti stands at approximately 500,000 inhabitants, making it one of the most populous cities in Nigeria.

Ado Ekiti's geographical location has played a pivotal role in its historical development. Nestled amidst undulating hills and fertile agricultural lands, the city benefits from a favorable climate and rich soil, facilitating a thriving agricultural economy. The region's geography, characterized by the presence of hills and valleys, has shaped the settlement patterns, providing strategic advantages in terms of defense and trade routes.

Ado Ekiti has its roots in ancient times, with historical accounts tracing its existence to the early 15th century. The city began as a cluster of settlements, evolving into a significant cultural and political center within the Ekiti region. The traditional rulers, known as the Ewi of Ado Ekiti, played a central role in governing the city and maintaining its societal order.

The 19th century saw the arrival of British colonial forces in Nigeria, marking a new chapter in Ado Ekiti's history. The British established their presence in the region and gradually imposed their authority. Ado Ekiti, along with the wider Ekiti region, experienced resistance against British colonization. The indomitable spirit of the Ekiti people was showcased in the Kiriji War (1877-1893), a significant anti-colonial struggle that took place in the city.

With Nigeria gaining independence from British rule in 1960, Ado Ekiti, like other Nigerian cities, underwent significant changes. The city transitioned from a colonial administrative center to a regional capital, with increased governmental and infrastructural development. The establishment of Ekiti State in 1996 further solidified Ado Ekiti's position as the state capital, ushering in a new era of growth and progress.

Politics has been an integral part of Ado Ekiti's history, reflecting the broader Nigerian political landscape. The city has produced notable political leaders, activists, and intellectuals who have played key roles in shaping the country's governance. Ado Ekiti has witnessed political movements, electoral campaigns, and grassroots mobilization, making it a vibrant hub of political activity.