Past Cities

Abakan, Khakassia, Russia

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Abakan is a city located in the southern part of Khakassia, Russia. The name of the city derives from the Khakas word "Abaka," which means a forested mountain slope. Abakan is a relatively young city, founded in 1931, and has a population of approximately 186,000 people as of 2021.

The history of Abakan dates back to the 17th century when it was a small settlement of Khakas people. However, the region was under the rule of the Mongol Empire until the 18th century when it became a part of the Russian Empire. The region became a center for fur trading and agriculture, and in the late 19th century, a railroad was constructed in the region, which connected the city with other regions of the country.

During World War II, Abakan played an important role in the defense of the Soviet Union. The city was a major supplier of food and weapons to the front lines, and many of its citizens fought in the war. The city also served as a medical center, providing care to injured soldiers.

In the post-war years, Abakan became an important industrial center in the Soviet Union. The city was home to many factories and enterprises, including the Abakan Machine-Building Plant, which produced military and civilian equipment. The city also became a center for education, with the establishment of a number of universities and research institutes.

During the Soviet era, Abakan was the capital of the Khakass Autonomous Oblast, which was established in 1930. The region was renamed the Khakass Republic in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since then, the city has continued to develop as an important economic and cultural center in the region.

The political environment and geography of the city have had a significant impact on its history. The region's natural resources, including timber, minerals, and water, have played a major role in the city's economic development. However, the region's remote location and harsh climate have also presented challenges to its growth.

In recent years, Abakan has faced a number of challenges, including population decline and economic stagnation. However, the city is taking steps to address these issues, with a focus on developing tourism and improving infrastructure.

Overall, Abakan has a rich and complex history, shaped by its geography, political environment, and the people who have lived there. The city has played an important role in the history of the region and the country, and it continues to be an important center of culture and commerce in modern-day Russia.